It is increasingly necessary a security on the Internet.
Viewed from a bureaucratic perspective, the Internet is regulated by different associations, some civil, political-that other interests involved in ensuring the stability of operation and freedom of expression system. Until March 2014 the control and supervision was provided by the United States. But behind the leaks espionage made by Edward Snowden some countries demanded a change of command. The need for global Internet governance was presented by Brazil, which hosted a global summit called World Net, to address the issue.
The meeting, held between tomorrow and Thursday in San Pablo, is an opportunity for political leaders, technology companies, civil associations and universities to discuss the development of principles for Internet governance and develop a roadmap for the future. Will be sent to about 80 countries and include representatives from technology giants like Microsoft, Google or Facebook.
“Our review is linked to the fact that the Internet is highly concentrated in the U.S., the servers are all in the northern hemisphere. And, with that, infrastructure is required in other countries, “he said yesterday Brazil’s communications minister Paulo Bernardo Silva, foreign reporters in Brasilia.
The basis of the debate that begins tomorrow will be the 189 contributions (including six sent from Argentina) made by 46 different countries. The most frequently mentioned issues were proposed in security, privacy, freedom of speech, globalization domain, and role of governments in Internet, universal access, neutrality and development of a global governance forum.
This call to submit contributions, as well as the agenda of the meeting itself-is not binding; i.e. not comply will force decisions.
“We hope you will continue to respect the principles of governance, to enable us to continue to enjoy the Internet we know today: unique, global, interoperable, stable, open, democratic, decentralized, inclusive, with the participation of multiple stakeholders “Fatima told Clarin Cambronero, Faculty of Law and Social Sciences of the National University of Córdoba, which will be one of six Argentine present in San Pablo (see Data security and …).
President Dilma Rousseff appointed Virgilio Almeida Fernandes, coordinator of the Internet Steering Committee (CGI) in Brazil, to coordinate the meeting. “We will discuss the top down not only technical concerns but also political and social arisen as a result of, among other things, the disclosures of electronic espionage,” said Almeida.
The U.S. government intends to transfer custody of the functions of the Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) to the global community of multiple stakeholders, and set 2015 as the deadline for doing so. In addition, he stressed his intention that the regulator does not become a politicized body.
The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is the organization that builds greater global consensus to transition functions. To demonstrate goodwill, President of ICANN, Fadi Chehade, said recently that Internet “demonstrated a remarkable capacity for self-government” in the last 16 years. For him, the withdrawal of the U.S. government “sends the world a message of confidence in the multilateral model.”
The summit Net World (short for Multisectoral Meeting on the Future of Global Internet Governance) will be broadcast in seven languages and will be parallel events in 33 cities around the world. Although deliberations begin tomorrow, the goal is that the work is completed in two years. It is also envisaged that many of the issues are taken up in the 9th Internet Governance Forum of the United Nations in September, and the Plenipotentiary Conference of the International Telecommunication Union in November.