Benjamin Harrison was born on August 20, 1833, North Bend, Ohio. He died on March 13, 1901, Indianapolis, IN. He was American statesman, 23rd president of the United States (1889-1893), a grandson of President William Henry Harrison.
Benjamin Harrison was Lawyer by education, since 1854 practiced law in Indianapolis. During the Civil War, the U.S. fought on the side of northerners, commanded volunteer regiment, was promoted to the rank of brigadier general (1865).
Since 1877 active in politics, was the leader of the Republicans in Indiana. In the years 1881-1887 was sitting in the U.S. Senate, supported high tariffs, advocated the establishment of the Commission on interstate commerce, for the expansion of the national park system.
In 1888, won the nomination of the presidential candidate of the Republican Party. In elections secured the support of a larger number of electors, although his rival Democrat Grover Cleveland gathered more votes.
As president initiated the convening of the First Pan American Conference (1889) with the aim of creating a customs union of American States. In 1889, Benjamin Harrison insisted on the need to establish the actual U.S. protectorate over a part of Samoa. In 1890, to promote the adoption of protectionist tariff William McKinley and Sherman Act. In 1891, he held talks with the UK on the conclusion of agreements on the delimitation of interests in the Bering Sea. In 1892, Benjamin Harrison was defeated in an attempt to re-election for a second term of Grover Cleveland and returned to Indianapolis to practice law. In 1898-1899 years he was the chief consultant of Venezuela in its border dispute with Britain.