Bill Clinton full William Jefferson Clinton has born on November 19, 1946 in Hope, Arkansas. He was American statesman and politician, 42nd President of the United States (1993-2001).
At birth, Bill was named William Jefferson Blythe-fourth. His father, William Jefferson Blythe-third died in a car accident three months before his son was born. Mother Virginia Kelly came a second time married Roger Clinton, a car salesman, and the age of fifteen, Bill took the surname of his stepfather. Secondary education is the future president of the United States in the school in Hot Springs (Arkansas pcs.) From a young age he aspired to political activity in 1962 represented Arkansas at the congress of the youth organization of the American Legion, where he met with President John F. Kennedy. In 1968, Bill Clinton graduated from the Faculty of International Relations at Georgetown University in Washington. During his studies in Washington for years worked on the staff of Senator William Fulbright. As a student, Clinton was active in the youth movement against the war in Vietnam, dodged the draft.
After receiving a special scholarship Rhodes, Clinton was able to continue his education at Oxford University in England (1968-1970), and then to Yale Law School, where he defended his doctorate in law. In 1972 in Texas, he participated in the organization of the election campaign of the presidential candidate of the Democratic Party, George McGovern.
Back in Arkansas, he began teaching law at the University of Arkansas, took an active part in the local organization of the Democratic Party. In 1974, unsuccessfully tried to get elected to the U.S. Congress from Arkansas. In 1975, Clinton married Hillary Rodham, whom he met while studying at Yale. In 1980 the couple had a daughter, Chelsea.
In 1976 he was elected Attorney General (Attorney), Arkansas (1977-1979), led the team to support Jimmy Carter in Arkansas in the presidential election (1976). In 1978, Bill Clinton was elected Governor of Arkansas, becoming the youngest governor of the country. He held this post in 1979-1981, 1983-1992. As governor he reformed the education system, contributed to the development of industry by providing tax incentives.
As a politician, Clinton characterized the increased attention to the issues of education, health, consumer rights, and environmental protection. As chairman of the National Governors Association USA (1986-1987) contributed to its transformation into a nation-wide policy. Despite numerous allegations of love affairs, and in 1992 he was elected a candidate for the U.S. presidency of the Democratic Party in the presidential election in November 1992 managed to defeat Republican George Bush and independent candidate Ross Perot. Success in the presidential election to Clinton managed to repeat in 1996, when he defeated Republican Bob Dole.
As president, Bill Clinton made a political program of investing $ 700 billion for education, the fight against unemployment and other social needs by reducing military spending, raising taxes. But in 1994 the Democrats for the first time in forty years have lost the majority in Congress and the President with great difficulty managed to agree on the state budget. Republicans have demanded a significant reduction in public spending. Clinton made a program to reduce the budget deficit, but objected to attempts to reduce government spending on social programs. Developed together with his wife Hillary Clinton president’s proposals to reform the health care system were blocked by Republican majority Congress.
In foreign policy, Bill Clinton continued the line of past presidents on the consolidation of the U.S. role as a world arbiter in international conflicts. In 1993, with the assistance of the United States signed a peace agreement between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization. And in 1994 a similar agreement between Israel and Jordan. In 1995, with the active participation of the United States signed an agreement on the settlement of the Bosnian crisis. Clinton has made repeated attempts to establish a dialogue warring parties in Northern Ireland, the mediator in the peace treaty between the warring parties. However, sending U.S. troops to Somalia, Haiti, and the U.S. position on the expansion of NATO to the east have been criticized both in the U.S. and in the world community. In the years of the Bill Clinton presidency America experienced economic growth, which will significantly improve the well-being of the population. For the first time in three decades the country’s budget executed with surplus.
Last years of Bill Clinton’s presidency was marred by scandal involving an intimate relationship with a young employee of the president of the White House intern Monica Lewinsky. The president denied this connection during the trial, but was then forced to admit the lie. In 1998 he has been started the process of impeachment. Bill Clinton was accused of false testimony to the court, and of obstructing justice, but was acquitted by the Senate (1999). In 2000, Hillary Clinton was elected U.S. senator from New York. Clinton himself retired entered public life, lectured in the United States and abroad.