Chester A. Arthur
Chester A. Arthur was born on 5th October 1830 in North Fairfield, Vermont. He died on November 18, 1886, New York. He was an American politician, 21st President of the United States (1881-1885, a Republican). His full name was Chester Alan Arthur.
He was Lawyer by profession, from 1854 practiced law in New York. Later he became a confidant of Sen. R, head of the New York Republican. With the assistance of was appointed head of the New York Customs (1871-1878) and earned a reputation in the post honest man.
At the Republican convention in 1880, supported the candidacy of John Garfield and he was nominated for vice-president. Was elected vice-president of the United States (1880), after the assassination of President Garfield took office. As president showed independent, ran the country without regard to the recommendations of the Republican bosses.
In 1883 he held a law Pendleton, abolishing the order in which the top positions in the government were replaced, as a rule, the representatives of the ruling party. Arthur insisted that the selection of candidates for the civil service was conducted only on the basis of their personal qualities. At the threshold of a new presidential election Chester A. Arthur could not get the consent of the Republican Party on his nomination for a second term.