George Walker Bush
George Bush full name is George Walker Bush, born July 6, 1946, New Haven, pieces. Connecticut is an American politician, 43rd President of the United States (since 2001). The eldest son of George Herbert W. Bush.
He graduated from Phillips Academy and Yale University (1968). Bush was not much success in school, but the reputation of a good friend. In 1968-1973 he served as a pilot in the National Guard in Texas. After demobilization, Bush received a master’s degree at Harvard University in Business Administration (1975), was engaged in the oil and energy business, and was co-owner and manager of a baseball team, “Texas Rangers.” In 1977, the U.S. tried to become a congressman in the same year, he married Laura Welch (born 1946), teacher education. In 1981, the couple was born Bush twin daughters – Jenna and Barbara.
Participated as an adviser to the presidential campaign of his father (1988). In 1994 he was elected governor of Texas (1995-2000), in office earned the reputation of an effective manager, able to cooperate with the opposition, played active role churches of different denominations in social work! In 1998 he was re-elected with a record-high number of votes. During his stay at the Bush governorship were cut taxes on the total amount of three billion dollars, a reform of local schools to improve the educational standard, have laws that prohibit parole adult offenders and will reduce the minimum age for the prosecution of young offenders. In these years, George Bush has developed its own political agenda, “compassionate conservatism that is not complete rejection of social programs”.
In 2000, Bush became a candidate for president (Vice President Dick Cheney) of the Republican Party. His main supports were conservative voters. The main opponent was Democrat Al Gore, in force at the time of Vice President. 2000 election campaign was unique in American history. The participants of the race were almost equal to the support of voters. Decisive are the election results in the state of Florida, the governor who was the brother of George W. Bush – Jeb. Automated counting of votes gave Bush the advantage, but the gap between the candidates was negligible, which gave grounds to speak about the possibility of a technical error. District Court of Florida decided the manual recount, as the gap in the number of votes received by the candidates was less than 1%. A five-week process of legal litigation ended the U.S. Supreme Court, which decided to complete the manual recount in Florida. Thus, the winner of the election in Florida, Bush admitted. Although nationwide Gore won by half a million votes more U.S. President Bush was due to a two-stage electoral system of electors (Bush had 271 electoral votes against 266 at the Mountain).
In his inaugural address, George Bush promised to reform Social Security and Medicare, to reduce the tax burden. The Cabinet was formed from various politicians, from liberals to conservatives hard. In the study consisted of prominent representatives of the Republican administrations of Ronald Reagan and George W. Bush, Sr. Colin Powell (Secretary of State 2001-2005), Rice (National Security Adviser, the Secretary of State in 2005), Donald Rumsfeld (Secretary of Defense). Despite signs of a U.S. recession, Bush has pursued a policy of tax cuts, increased spending on education and defense. In June 2001, it was decided to lower the taxes of 1.35 billion dollars. In foreign policy, Bush continued the course of previous administrations to ensure U.S. leadership in the world. Americans refused to ratify the Kyoto Protocol on reducing emissions from industry, in December 2001, out of the ABM Treaty (ABM).
Ordeal for the president and the country were the terrorist attacks on New York and Washington on 11 September 2001. As a result of these events, died about 4 thousand people. Priorities U.S. president shifted towards security within the United States and the fight against international terrorism. George Bush urged the world community to help the United States in the fight against terrorism. Responsibility for the terrorist acts he laid on a clandestine Islamist organization Al-Qaeda led by Osama bin Laden is hiding in Afghanistan. U.S. demanded that the ruling of the Islamic movement in Afghanistan, “Taliban” extradition, but were refused. As the result of diplomatic efforts by the United States brought together a broad coalition against terrorism, Americans have massive aid enemies “Taliban” in Afghanistan. Since October 2001, the U.S. took part in the military operations in Afghanistan and in December, the Taliban was overthrown.
In late 2002, Bush and British Prime Minister Tony Blair have accused the Iraqi government of Saddam Hussein in the fact that it is working on weapons of mass destruction. To convince France, Germany, Russia, the UN Security Council failed. But George Bush, under the guise of fighting terrorism, was able to put together a coalition of anti-Iraq in March-April 2003 in the invasion of Iraq, in which Saddam Hussein’s regime was overthrown, the dictator fled into hiding. Occupied by coalition forces entered Iraq in a long period of instability. Acts of terrorism, hostage taking, armed attacks on coalition forces (mostly Americans) have caused a wave of anti-war within the U.S. and abroad. The capture of Saddam Hussein in the spring of 2004 also did not bring peace.
In the presidential election of 2004 was Bush’s rival Sen. John Kerry. Among the intellectual elite of America Bush was quoted low, his public appearances often evoked ridicule. But the majority of ordinary Americans gave their sympathy to George Bush. Won the election by a narrow margin to the incumbent president won, he scored more than 51% of the vote, despite the fact that the north-eastern states and California voted for his opponent.
In November 2006 congressional election the Republicans were defeated and control of both chambers of parliament took the Democrats. Defeat observers declared the failure of George W. Bush in Iraq. Responsible for the failure was “appointed” Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, who was forced to resign.