Herbert Hoover

Herbert Hoover full name is Herbert Clark Hoover born on August 10, 1874, West Branch, Iowa. He died on October 20, 1964 in New York. He was an American politician, 31st President of the United States (1929-1933), Republican Party, the industrialist.

After graduating from Stanford University (1895), Hoover was a mining engineer, operate at various facilities in four continents of the world (1895-1913), including in Russia. He owned an interest in many of the companies in which he worked. Herbert Hoover’s political career began in 1914, when at the beginning of the First World War; he was assigned to supervise the provision of U.S. aid to Belgium. In 1917, he became the curator of American food aid to European countries. Under his leadership, was distributed 23 million tons of food in 30 countries? In the years 1919-1923 Hoover led the government agency APA; in 1921-1928 he was the Minister of Trade.

As minister, he reorganized his department, created departments to regulate aviation and radio. Hoover presided over the commission to build the Boulder Dam (later Hoover) channel, linking the St. Lawrence River to the sea. Proclaimed the “New Day”, it is a great advantage to win the presidential race in 1928 at the Alfred E. Smith and became a 31st U.S. president (Republican Party). During the campaign, Hoover promised to progress from a “full dinner pail dinner” (full dinner pail to the full garage), that his opponents in the election paraphrased as “chicken in every pot and two cars in every garage”.


Herbert Hoover’s stay in office coincided with the global economic crisis, which has hit the U.S. special force. During the crisis, the government of Hoover, first of all, tried to help the “big business.” Trying to fight against poverty, Hoover invited business leaders to the White House, where they were not persuaded to lay off workers and reduce wages, urged state and local authorities to work together, and private philanthropists to take care of Americans have lost their means. At the same time, the President believed that unemployment benefits deprive Americans of motivation to make a living, and strongly opposed the federal benefits of direct payments to individuals.

Only in 1932, Herbert Hoover authorized the payment of benefits to farmers. Having suffered in the election defeat in 1932 by Franklin Roosevelt, Hoover regularly opposed the radicalism of the New Deal, Roosevelt’s attempts to involve the U.S. in the fight against the aggressive policies of Germany and Japan. In 1938, he traveled to Nazi Germany, where he met with Hitler, welcomed the Munich Agreement. After the Second World War, Hoover took part in the fight against hunger in Europe, in 1947-1949 and in 1953-1955 he headed the advisory committee Hoover (Hoover Commission) to reduce the number of agencies at the federal level. Almost all of the commission’s recommendations were adopted: some government agencies were merged and some newly created, including the Ministry of Health, Education and Welfare and the General Services Administration.

After the war, Herbert Hoover repeatedly traveled abroad on special missions on behalf of the U.S. government. In the years 1959-1964 were published four volumes of his memoirs of U.S. food aid during World War II.

Name of the 31st U.S. president received the Herbert Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace (Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace), based at Stanford University in 1919. This institute conducts research in the field of foreign and domestic policy, exploring issues of national security. It houses more than a million documents and materials on the first and second world wars, revolutions 19-20 centuries and International Relations.