Google made a doodle where you can play with a Rubik cube.
It is a simple toy whose complex resolution has seduced mankind for 40 years. The “magical” Rubik’s cube is four decades become a colorful icon that has also taken the digital leap and today honors the Google search engine with a “doodle” interactive.
The anniversary of 40 years of the toy is not exactly today, according to its inventor, architect Ern Rubik, which puts the date generally in the spring of 1974, while the record in the Patent Office came on January 30 1975.
Google has not been the only one to celebrate the anniversary, as they did before from the Liberty Science Center in New Jersey (USA) to the President of the European Commission (EC) President Jose Manuel Barroso, among many others.
The history of the “Magic Cube”, as was his original name in Hungarian (BUV kocka s) began in the spring of 1974, when Rubik created one, but not as we know it today 3x3x3 but 2x2x2.
The following years were marked by the struggle against the bureaucracy of the communist regime in order to start manufacturing hub and in 1977 managed 12,000 units arrived on the shelves of toy stores in the country, according to the website of the Hungarian inventor.
In 1980 in Germany alone more than four million cubes were sold and the toy started will be a cult even for artistic centers: the Museum of Modern Art in New York (MoMA) acquired and exhibited a copy in 1981, the same year the Museum of Applied Arts in Budapest (IMM).
“It is the best known Hungarian worldwide icon,” says Agnes Prekopa, art historian of the IMM, where a Rubik collection.
Its form, the material aspect of the game and does not comply with graphic design trends of the era of the seventies, is “something timeless,” which inspired many other artists and designers, says Prekopa.
Rubik is an architect who taught courses at the School of Applied Arts in Budapest, where he decided to represent its students the secrets of space with a three-dimensional object. So the prototype of nature was born.
The enigmatic creator, which speaks to the media only on rare occasions, explains that “discovered” the cube, not invented. “In my opinion, is part of nature, and not an artificial object, is natural,” he says on his website.
To date they have sold over 400 million of these cubes whose complexity is demonstrated by the fact that it has more than 43 trillion possible permutations, ensuring a long entertainment, and in some cases even anguish.
For others, such is the passion for the toy world even exist that measure the time resolution: the record is established the Dutch teenager Mats Valk in March 2013 with 5.55 seconds, according to the World Cube Association.
There are many other brands; for example, faster resolution with one hand is the Australian Feliks Zemdegs with 9.03 seconds, while the record with closed eyes has Polish Marcin Zalewski with 23.68 seconds.
At the last few seconds and complicated version allowed the player to observe the hub and then covers her eyes for resolution without seeing the faces colored toy.
The success from the early eighties I had the toy also became a cultural icon that has appeared in numerous films like “Being John Malkovich” (1999), “The Amazing Spider-Man” (2012), “Armageddon” (1998) or “Prometheus” (2012).
Artists such as the American designer Pete Fecteau, created in 2011 in Michigan (USA) with a mosaic portrait of civil rights activist Martin Luther King, using 4,242 Rubik’s cubes.
Today there are 4×4 cubes, for people with vision problems, known as the “mirror”, which is composed of units of different forms, which bind to assemble it in a bucket, among many complex formulas inspired by the original toy.
Although still only a project without starting, it is expected that by 2017 Budapest build a museum that will present the “intellectual achievement” of Hungary in a building shaped Rubik’s Cube.