More than 30,000 cases of disappearances during the civil war have not been clarified in Guatemala.
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) leads to compensate the victims of the internal armed conflict last action in Guatemala, Notimex said the Chief of the delegation of ICRC for Mexico, Central America and Cuba, Juan Pedro Schaerer.
The Swiss diplomat said that in Guatemala, as in the rest of Central America, especially in Honduras and El Salvador, the ICRC collaborates in addressing problems of armed violence generated by crime.
The ICRC actions, coordinated with authorities and local humanitarian agencies, seek to assist communities at risk for violence and offer them better living conditions, he said.
He said that in Guatemala also “the subject of deportations is much” of migrants, especially expelled from the United States for lack of travel documents.
With the phenomenon of irregular migration “numerous deportations are generated on a regular basis. Here the role of the ICRC is accompanying of processes, to verify they make with security and respect for human rights”, he added.
Furthermore, “the issue of the missing persons in the last internal armed conflict, more than 30,000 cases that have not been resolved,” said.
Schaerer said that at age of 19 that was signed on 19 December 1996 peace agreement for Guatemala, theme “remains a weight for families who do not know what has happened with their loved ones and for society in general”.
The “firm and lasting” peace agreement, endorsed by the United Nations, sealed a 36-year internal armed conflict that left 200,000 dead and missing, as well as one million internally displaced persons and about 45 thousand indigenous refugees in Mexico.
According to humanitarian agencies in Guatemala, as the Group of mutual support (GAM), the conflict left more than 45,000 disappeared, whose cases most “remain unpunished”.
Following the signing of peace, the ICRC accompanied the process of voluntary return of the displaced Guatemalans, but the missing “is an issue that we continue to work for years”, said Schaerer.
“Basically support dozens of Guatemalan organizations to strengthen work at the level of collection and systematization of information, it is important to have all the facts, the disappearance of data,” explained.
Schaerer said that “is it also supports forensic services to enhance the capacity of the whole process of identification. It is one of the major axes of work we have in Guatemala“.
“We will continue in this area of work in Guatemala until families have answers, what is a long-term work, and that the authorities have a greater involvement and effort to resolve the cases become” missing by the conflict, he said.