Franklin Pierce

Franklin Pierce was born on November 23, 1804, Hillsboro, New Hampshire. He died on October 8, 1869, Concord. He was American statesman, the fourteenth President of USA (1853-1857, the Democratic Party). The government of Mexico has become the Pierce about 120 thousand square kilometers of its territory under the contract Gadsden (1853).

Prior to the political career practiced law, sat in the House of Representatives (1833-1837), in the U.S. Senate (1837-1842). During the Mexican War (1846-1848) – Brigadier General. In 1852, at the Democratic National Convention Franklin Pierce was elected as a presidential candidate in the result of a compromise between the warring factions. He was almost unknown at the national level, but the election easily defeated Winfield Scott.


For the sake of peace in society Franklin Pierce opposed the deployment of agitation against slavery, which contributed to his support of the southerners. Desire to expand in the U.S. has led to diplomatic complications around manifesto – a secret plan to seize Cuba. Franklin Pierce reorganized diplomatic and consular services, created the US Court of Claims, encouraged the plans of the transcontinental railroad, and approved the agreement on the Gadsden Purchase of Mexico’s 120,000 square kilometers (1853). He sent Commodore Perry to Japan (1853), recognized the regime adventurer Walker in Nicaragua.

In order to encourage migration to the north-west and trying to put an end to political differences, approved the act of “Kansas-Nebraska” (1854), but failed to defuse the crisis in Kansas, which led to the bloody clashes of supporters and opponents of slavery. By the end of his term Franklin Pierce almost lost support Democrats, northerners. In 1856, after losing the fight for his nomination for another term as President James Buchanan, left politics. After the Civil War, did not support the policies of Abraham Lincoln. Details of the last years of life are little known.