Huck Hagel, Secretary of Defense of the United States.
The reform was announced after 13 years of wars in Afghanistan and Iraq.
U.S. plans to close military bases and deep cuts in the largest reduction of the army after World War II. The announcement was made Monday by the Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel, as part of a comprehensive reform after more than a decade of war.
Hagel detailed parts of the reforms in a speech at the Pentagon.
The full plan will be known next week when President Barack Obama delivered his 2015 budget plan to Congress.
The Secretary pointed out that Hagel military requirements must conform to the reality of smaller budgets, but acknowledged that the United States faces a more volatile and unpredictable world that requires a bolder Army, said The Associated Press.
With the plan, active military will be reduced from the current 522 000 to between 440 thousand and 450 thousand.
In addition to troop reductions, the Pentagon removed A-10 fighters and thereby securing funds for the F-35 and other strategic needs.
Hagel also said that the Pentagon will continue with a focus on the Asia-Pacific area and will not require as large as the current Army.
Budget restructuring will allow the Department of Defense reduced costs estimated at $ 10 billion in a decade.
The Pentagon budget for fiscal year 2015 is $ 496 billion, almost the same as this year but lower than that conceived last year, Reuters said.
The changes will allow the U.S. military to have “less margin for error” and avoid costly wars of occupation due to new levels of spending, said the agency Efe.
The reform was announced after 13 years of wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the longest war period of American history.
The changes will force the Pentagon to staff cuts, ending entire fleets of aircraft and further assessed cautiously and new weapons projects.
“It’s time to be realistic. This budget recognizes the reality and magnitude of our fiscal challenges in the dangerous world in which we live,” Hagel said in a press conference to present spending recommendations to the White House.
The most affected by the reduction will be presented on Monday the Army.
But downsizing will not affect Special Forces, which continue to grow in the coming years to around 70 thousand troops.